Church of the Nativity
|Collection||Byzantine Research Fund|
Harvey, Mr William
|Scope and Content||Nave column (the capital). The photograph is annotated in ink at the bottom: 'CAPITAL OF COLUMN OF NAVE. BETHLEHEM'. Further annotation in pencil survives at the back. See also photo no. 02/13/30/03 (BRF no. 02/03/01/058).|
|Further information||The church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, is a large five-aisled basilica with transept, narthex, a trefoil apse and two entrances leading to the cave of the Nativity.
It was built by Justinian I between 560 and 603/5 on the ruins of the first church which had been erected by Constantine I on the site of the cave of the Nativity. The building was decorated with lavish mosaics by Manuel I Komnenos with the contribution of the Latin King and the Bishop of Jerusalem according to the text of the dedicatory inscription which also names a certain Ephraim as the mosaicist. The rare theme of the Ecumenical Councils decorates the side aisles.
The Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem. 23, fig.19a.