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About the BRF Collection

The Byzantine Research Fund Archive (BRF) is a unique collection of architectural drawings, photographs and notebooks created from the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th century by a small team of British architects trained in the Arts & Crafts tradition whose studies of Byzantium shaped the Byzantine Revival in later years.

The collection contains over 1,500 drawings and 1,000 photographs, numerous notebooks and the corporate records associated with the Byzantine Research and Publication Fund, the original body created in 1907 to support this work. Although the Fund was associated with the BSA from the time it was founded, it was not until 1937 that the BSA formerly took over the property and operation of it. The BRF Archive contains records of Byzantine monuments in Greece, Turkey, Italy, the Near East, Egypt, and Cyprus. In some cases, the collection contains the only record of a monument before its destruction in modern times, the most important example being the church of Hagios Demetrios in Thessalonike which was almost completely destroyed in the Great Fire of 1917 shortly after being recorded by one of the BRF architects, Walter Sykes George. It also contains personal records of the following architects; Robert Weir Schultz, Sidney Howard Barnsley, Walter Sykes George, William Harvey, Harold Swainson, Peter Gus Corbett, and A.H.S (Peter) Megaw. The aspirations of the BRF Archive Project today are to make these materials accessible to a wide range of researchers.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/051], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/051], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

South elevation. Noteworthy in the south elevation is the shallow cut-brick horizontal frieze above the arch of the central south door. The motif is a step pattern. The drawing is entitled (in pencil): 'Kapnikarea Athens', 'South Elevation'. Futher annotation in pencil survives.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/052], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/052], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

East elevation. Arcade type windows are used only in the east side of the church. The grouped window gradually replaced this type. Among the earliest examples are the gable-windows of the church. The drawing is entitled (in pencil): 'Kapnikarea Athens', 'East Elevation'. Futher annotation in pencil survives.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/053], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/053], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

South elevation. Noteworthy in the south elevation is the shallow cut-brick horizontal frieze above the arch of the central south door. The motif is a step pattern.. The drawing is entitled: 'Kapnikarea Church - Athens', 'South Elevation'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/054], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/054], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

West elevation. The elevation depicts the gable-windows of the church which are among the earliest examples of the grouped-type. Noteworthy is the tympanum filling in the west gable window of the naos: the Cufic patterns are interrupted by a flowering cross similar to that of the Soteira Lykodemou church. A small semi-arch hardly more than a quarter-cicle supports the single window of each of the four gables in the exo-narthex. The drawing is entitled: 'Kapnikarea Church - Athens', 'West Elevation'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/055], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/055], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

East elevation. Arcade type windows are used only in the east side of the church. The grouped window gradually replaced this type. Among the earliest examples are the gable-windows of the church. The drawing is entitled: 'Kapnikarea Church - Athens', 'East Elevation'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/056], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/056], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

Longitudinal section. The drawing had previously been part of the 'Unidentified Drawings' section of the BRPF database.

Panagia Kapnikarea[BRF/01/01/01/057], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/057], Panagia Kapnikarea, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The drawing is captioned as follows: 'Church Called The Kapnikarea At Athens'. Further annotation in ink survives. This is not an accurate plan of the church. The drawing had previously been part of the 'Unidentified Drawings' section of the BRPF database.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/058], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/058], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The plan is entitled: 'Church of St Nikodemus Athens', 'The Ground Plan'. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/059], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/059], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Plan at gallery level. The plan is entitled: 'Church of St Nikodemus Athens', 'The Gallery Plan'. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/060], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/060], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The plan is entitled: 'Church of St Nicodemus Athens', 'The Plan 1/4 Scale'. Further annotation in pencil survives. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/062], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/062], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Plan at gallery level. The plan is entitled: 'Church of St Nicodemus Athens', 'The Plan 1/4 Scale', 'Gallery Floor'.The church has been misnamed. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/064], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/064], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Ground plan (bottom) and longitudinal section (top). The plan and the section are captioned as such: 'fig. 8, S. Nicodemus Athens: Plan/Section'. The caption refers to the publication of the two drawings.The church has been misnamed. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/065], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/065], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

West elevation (detail). This unfinished drawing depicts the lower part of the restored bewteen 1850 and 1855 west façade of the Lykodemou church. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/066], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/066], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

North elevation (detail). Only parts of the original walling of the north side of the church were preserved. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/067], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/067], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

South elevation (detail). Only parts of the original walling of the south side of the church were preserved. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/068], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/068], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

South elevation (detail). Only parts of the original walling of the south side of the church were preserved. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/069], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/069], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

West elevation. The elevation depicts the restored between 1850 and 1855 West façade of the church. The elevation is entitled: 'Church of St Nicodemus Athens' , 'The West Elevation'.The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/070], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/070], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

North elevation. Only parts of the original walling of the north side of the church were preserved. The drawing is entitled: 'Church of St Nicodemus Athens', 'The North Elevation'. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/071], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/071], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

East elevation. The elevation depicts the restored between 1850 and 1855 east façade of the church.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/072], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/072], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

East elevation. The elevation depicts the restored between 1850 and 1855 east façade of the church. The word 'Superseded' is inscribed in the top right-hand corner.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/073], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/073], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

South elevation. Only parts of the original walling of the south side of the church were preserved. The drawing is entitled:'Church of St Nicodemus Athens', 'The South Elevation'.The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/074], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/074], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

South elevation. Only parts of the original walling of the south side of the church were preserved. The drawing is entitled: 'Church St Nicodemus Athens', 'The South Elevation'. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/075], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/075], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Clockwise from top left: West elevation, North elevation of the Lykodemou church, Ground plan and north-east elevation of the chapel of Androussa, Ground plan of the Lykodemou church, Longitudinal section showing the decoration of the two storeys, East elevation of the same church. A note on the background reads:'Church of St. Nicodemus at Athens', 'Previous to the restoration as the Russian Church'.The church has been misnamed. Further annotation in pencil and ink survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/076], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/076], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Starting clockwise from the upper row: Longitudinal section, Transverse section (naos), Transverse section (narthex). The note 'S. Nicodemus Athens' survives in the bottom right-hand corner. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/077], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/077], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Ground plan (bottom), Plan at gallery level (top). The words 'Nicodemus Athens' are inscribed at the bottom of the page. The church has been misnamed.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/078], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/078], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Transverse section through naos(bottom), Transverse section through narthex (top).

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/079], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/079], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Longitudinal section (bottom), Plan of the dome and the roof. The plan of the roof has been left unfinished.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/081], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/081], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of the Kufic/pseudo-Kufic frieze. A sketch (plan) in pencil survives on the reverse.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/082], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/082], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of the Kufic/pseudo-Kufic frieze. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/083], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/083], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Brick pattern. The ornamental brickwork of the Lykodemou church consists of cut bricks decorated with Kufic/pseudo-Kufic motifs and Christological characters.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/084], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/084], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of part of the continious ornamental frieze that decorates the drum of the dome just below the cornice. Two confronted deers are depicted running. This is the first of a series of drawings that reproduce the decorative motifs of the frieze. The drawings are numbered in pencil by the creators. Various sketches (columns) survive on the reverse.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/085], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/085], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of part of the continious ornamental frieze that decorates the drum of the dome just below the cornice. The drawing reproduces a detail of the guilloche pattern. This is the second of a series of drawings that reproduce the decorative motifs of the frieze. The drawings are numbered in pencil by the creators. The words 'S. Nicodemus Athens' and 'Russian Ch.' are inscribed on the drawing. The church has been misnamed. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/086], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/086], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of part of the continious ornamental frieze that decorates the drum of the dome just below the cornice. The drawing reproduces a detail of foliate patterns. This is the third of a series of drawings that reproduce the decorative motifs of the frieze. The drawings are numbered in pencil by the creators. The words 'Russian Ch.' are inscribed on the drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/087], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/087], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Detail of part of the continious ornamental frieze that decorates the drum of the dome just below the cornice. The drawing reproduces a detail of foliate patterns. This is the fourth of a series of drawings that reproduce the decorative motifs of the frieze. The drawings are numbered in pencil by the creators.

Soteira Lykodemou[BRF/01/01/01/088], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/088], Soteira Lykodemou, 1888-1890

Elevation of window. The drawing is captioned as such: 'Elevation of a Typical Window'. It had previously been part of the 'Unidentified Drawings' section of the BRPF database.

Pantanassa-Megalo Monastiri-Monastiraki[BRF/01/01/01/090], Pantanassa-Megalo Monastiri-Monastiraki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/090], Pantanassa-Megalo Monastiri-Monastiraki, 1888-1890

Clockwise from top left: West elevation, East elevation, Longitudinal section, Transverse section. The west elevation is particularly interesting since It depicts the west façade of the church and its decoration before the extensive restorations of 1911. The drawing is entitled (in pencil): 'Athens- Church of Our Lady of the Great Monastery'. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Metamorphosis[BRF/01/01/01/092], Metamorphosis, March 1888 [BRF/01/01/01/092], Metamorphosis, March 1888

Ground plan (left), Transverse section (right). The drawing is entitled: 'Ch of the Saviour Athens' '1/4 Inch Scale'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Metamorphosis[BRF/01/01/01/093], Metamorphosis, 1888? [BRF/01/01/01/093], Metamorphosis, 1888?

Transverse section, Parts of architectural members (capitals, columns). This is a preliminary drawing. The words 'Athens S Saviour' are inscribed in the top right-hand corner. Further annotation in pencil survives. Various sketches in pencil (a cross section, sketches of columns) survive at the back.

Metamorphosis[BRF/01/01/01/094], Metamorphosis, 1888? [BRF/01/01/01/094], Metamorphosis, 1888?

North elevation. This is a preliminary drawing. The words: 'Athens St Saviour ?' are inscribed in the top right-hand corner. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Metamorphosis[BRF/01/01/01/095], Metamorphosis, 1888? [BRF/01/01/01/095], Metamorphosis, 1888?

Ground plan. The drawing is entitled: 'Athens - Church of the Saviour' Further annotation in pencil survives.

Metamorphosis[BRF/01/01/01/096], Metamorphosis, 1888? [BRF/01/01/01/096], Metamorphosis, 1888?

North elevation (left), Transverse section (right). The drawing is entitled: 'Athens - Church of the Saviour'.

Athena Parthenos (Parthenon)[BRF/01/01/01/099], Athena Parthenos (Parthenon), 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/099], Athena Parthenos (Parthenon), 1888-1890

Ground plan. The drawing is entitled: 'The Parthenon in Christian Times'. Further annotation in pencil survives.