Pantanassa-Megalo Monastiri-Monastiraki

Department Archive
Collection Byzantine Research Fund
Reference No. BRF/01/01/01/090
Level Item
Place Pantanassa Monastiri-Monasteiraki
Athens
Dates 1888-1890
Creator Weir Schultz, Mr Robert
Barnsley, Mr Sidney Howard
Scope and Content Clockwise from top left: West elevation, East elevation, Longitudinal section, Transverse section. The west elevation is particularly interesting since It depicts the west façade of the church and its decoration before the extensive restorations of 1911. The drawing is entitled (in pencil): 'Athens- Church of Our Lady of the Great Monastery'. Further annotation in pencil survives.
Further information The church of the Pantanassa, at Monastiraki square (Megalo Monastiri), 10th century (?), follows the architectural type of a three-aisled domed basilica with two conches at the east and the west end of the longitudinal barrel-vault.
The way the dome is supported by squinches or pendetives is very reminiscent of contemporary Islamic techniques. A similar architectural type was created in Athens during the 16th and the 17th centuries. The church of Hagios Dionysios at Areios Pagos (10th century?), which used to serve as the metropolitan church of Athens and the Pantanassa church must have been used as prototypes. The church of the Pantanassa was the katholikon of a nunnery. In 1678 it was granted as a metochion to the monastery of the Kaisariani. The church, the west façade in particular, was extensively restored in 1911.
Reference BSA stud. vol. 147, fig.13.4. Link to article