Church of the Nativity
|Collection||Byzantine Research Fund|
Harvey, Mr William
|Scope and Content||West gable and narthex parapet, portion of wall of the Armenian monastery from the Franciscan roof looking south. The photograph is dated and annotated in ink at the back: 'West gable + parapet of Narthex + part of wall of Armenian Monastery from Franciscan Roof looking south. 1907'.|
|Further information||The church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, is a large five-aisled basilica with transept, narthex, a trefoil apse and two entrances leading to the cave of the Nativity.
It was built by Justinian I between 560 and 603/5 on the ruins of the first church which had been erected by Constantine I on the site of the cave of the Nativity. The building was decorated with lavish mosaics by Manuel I Komnenos with the contribution of the Latin King and the Bishop of Jerusalem according to the text of the dedicatory inscription which also names a certain Ephraim as the mosaicist. The rare theme of the Ecumenical Councils decorates the side aisles.