7027 results

About the John Pendlebury Family Papers

The John Pendlebury Family Papers cover the period from 1913 to 1964 and document the life of archaeologist and WWII hero John Devitt Stringfellow Pendlebury, his wife Hilda and their family.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace (in Cairo) [PEN 1/2/3/1/3], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace (in Cairo), Monday, September 01, 1941

Condolence letter sent after a report of John’s death, expressing sympathy and sorrow at John’s death, asking Hilda to pass on condolence’s to [Herbert Pendlebury] and saying that he had written to Helen [Wace].

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace (in Cairo) [PEN 1/2/3/1/4], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace (in Cairo), 18 Oct [1941]

Subjects include the official notification of John’s death, that the official report had come from Commander [Pool] and Wace had seen [Pool], the circumstances and details of John’s death, a story that John was in the hills with pneumonia (but Wace didn’t think it was true), and sending his sympathy.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Keith [?] (London) [PEN 1/2/3/1/5], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Keith [?] (London), Sunday, October 19, 1941

Discussing uncertainty about whether John was dead, Perkins’s report [about John’s death], doubting that John could have died as early as the 22 May, an inquiry about John that he had made to the Casualties branch and Hilda’s reply to the branch sending them information that her nephew had. Also mentions that Adele [?] had passed him Hilda’s letter, sending sympathy and asking Hilda if she would come back to Cambridge.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from J S A Pearson (War Office, Whitehall) [PEN 1/2/3/1/6], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from J S A Pearson (War Office, Whitehall), Tuesday, October 28, 1941

Informing Hilda that [Commander] Pool had investigated a story by J. Noel White [that John was still alive] and had found that it wasn’t true, and confirming the original report of John’s death. Also includes condolences from Pearson and others at the War Office who knew John.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [Commander] Frank Pool, with a handwritten copy [in Hilda’s writing] of the letter [PEN 1/2/3/1/7], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [Commander] Frank Pool, with a handwritten copy [in Hilda’s writing] of the letter, Thursday, January 22, 1942

Replying to a telegram and letters from Hilda, sending sympathy and condolences, describing the enquiries that he had made about John and outlining details of John’s death and where he was buried (including that fresh flowers were placed on the grave every day).

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Pat [Shackleton or Ainslie] [PEN 1/2/3/1/8], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Pat [Shackleton or Ainslie], Wednesday, February 25, 1942

Letter of condolence sending sympathy and including reminiscences about his friendship with John since Cambridge; inviting Hilda, David and Joan to stay; and asking after “old Pen” [Herbert Pendlebury].

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Stephen [Glanville] [PEN 1/2/3/1/9], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Stephen [Glanville], Thursday, March 26, 1942

Comprises a letter about a memoir on John in the [Journal of Egyptian Archaeology] referring to corrections made by [Herbert Pendlebury], paragraphs added by Mr [F P] David [John’s House Master at Winchester College], questions about the size of type, mention of Hilda in the obituary, and details of the closing down the Tell el-Amarna [Amarna] excavation.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury [PEN 1/2/3/1/10], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury, Tuesday, March 31, 1942

Comprises a letter about various matters arising from John’s death: agreeing that the [Egyptian Exploration Society] could mention John’s death in their annual report; returning correspondence from the [War Office] establishing John’s rank as Captain; agreeing to narrative portions of a memoir about John in the Journal [of Egyptian Archaeology] being in smaller type; agreeing that the story of John’s death from [Commander Frank] Pool was correct and mentioning that when the War Office publish it Hilda should ask Bob Dixon to write to the Times newspaper; and hoping that Hilda was able to get out of civil service billeting. Also includes a draft for a memoir about John for the American branch of the [Egyptian Exploration Society], asking Hilda to approve it and add a precis.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Stephen [Glanville] [PEN 1/2/3/1/11], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Stephen [Glanville], Saturday, April 04, 1942

About the memoir on John in the [Journal of Egyptian Archaeology], asking Hilda to let [Herbert Pendlebury] know that publication on 3 pages should be going ahead and to thank him for a letter.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [Commander] Frank Pool [PEN 1/2/3/1/12], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [Commander] Frank Pool, Saturday, April 04, 1942

Forwarding a photograph of [Neyron Samorites, a Cretan] from Samorites, hoping that Hilda got his previous letter and telling her he had given Col. Lavides her address; sending love from the [Nicholas and Margaret] Hammond, and news that [R W] Hutchinson and his mother were there [in Crete] and well.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace [PEN 1/2/3/1/13], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Alan Wace, Wednesday, April 22, 1942

Thanking Hilda for a letter and relaying an alternative story of John’s death and saying that he would try to see his informant again. Wace also discusses his admiration for John. Stamped “passed by Censor at Head Office”.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb] [PEN 1/2/3/1/14], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb], Saturday, May 23, 1942

Letter of condolence asking Hilda to forgive her for not writing sooner, but she hoped the story of John’s death would turn out not to be true, sending love and hoping they would meet again.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Nicholas Hammond [PEN 1/2/3/1/15], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Nicholas Hammond, Tuesday, May 26, 1942

Telling Hilda he had been thinking about John (as it was near the anniversary of John’s death), recounting the time he had spent with John just before the attack on Crete, and telling her how he and others he was with in Crete treasured and respected John. Hammond also gives news of [his wife] Margaret, says that Hilda should visit Margaret in Cambridge, and send love to David and Joan [Pendlebury].

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Bob [Dixon] [PEN 1/2/3/1/16], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Bob [Dixon], Sunday, May 31, 1942

Thanking Hilda for a letter, discussing the obituary of John that he was writing for the Times newspaper and that Hilda wanted to help Greece. Dixon asked what kind of help Hilda was thinking of, and suggested that Ismene [?] who was on the Committee of the Anglo-Hellenic League could advise her. Also promising to see Hilda in Cambridge if he could get time off in the summer.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Bob [Dixon] [PEN 1/2/3/1/17], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Bob [Dixon], Wednesday, June 10, 1942

Sending the obituary of John that Bob Dixon had written for the Times newspaper and informing Hilda that he had sent it straight to the Times “in view of S.C.’s note” but that changes could still be made. Also includes news that Dixon’s son had a scholarship to Eton.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John [Kindal or Rindal] [PEN 1/2/3/1/18], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John [Kindal or Rindal], Wednesday, June 10, 1942

Letter of condolence expressing sympathy and stating that John was one of his greatest friends, and though they had lost touch in recent years they had known each other in Cambridge and “went on tour together”.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury [PEN 1/2/3/1/19], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury, Thursday, July 16, 1942

Forwarding a confidential letter from Lieutenant [Mike] Cumberlege, John’s last message to his men [in Crete] and a photograph of [Commander Francis] and Satan [the dog] (the last 2 items were to be returned). Discussing the content of Cumberlege’s letter and the weaknesses of the story about John’s death (such as that Cumberlege didn’t know Greek very well), and the fact that German broadcasts contradicted it. Herbert also states that he told Cumberlege that he or Hilda would visit if he had further evidence, and that Mabel [Dickinson] had told him that Hilda had offered the same to Captain Pearson. Also thanks Hilda for letting him know about [Ralph] Lavers and her suggestion for a memoir [about John] in the A A [Architectural Association] Journal.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Michael Cumberlege [PEN 1/2/3/1/20], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Michael Cumberlege, 29 Jul [1942]

Sending directions to his house and inviting her to visit, saying it was a pleasure to see Hilda and [David] in London and that he was sorry he had not had much time, discussing that “we were” all strongly attached to John and that he had been very important in their work and how happy John always was. At the end of the letter is an additional note that Cumberlege had just received Hilda’s letter and agreeing to have lunch with her and his wife and son at Berner’s Hotel.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Michael Cumberlege [PEN 1/2/3/1/21], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Michael Cumberlege, Saturday, October 31, 1942

Apologising for not writing earlier, discussing an exhibition about Greece, and saying that he wanted to see Hilda and photographs that she had before leaving. Also mentions that he had John’s book but had not had time to read it properly, and that [Margaret] Hammond had been to dinner.

Letter to Mr W. Taylor (Wigan Grammar School) from Gerard [Pendlebury] [PEN 1/2/3/2/1], Letter to Mr W. Taylor (Wigan Grammar School) from Gerard [Pendlebury], Friday, July 16, 1943

Comprises a [copy] of a letter sending a cheque for £100 to endow prizes in memory of John Pendlebury. The letter also thanks (on behalf of Hilda and Herbert Pendlebury) Mr Taylor and the Board of Governors [of the school] for accepting the gift, and the Town and School for placing the name of Pendlebury [a memorial plaque?]. Gerard [Pendlebury] was John’s cousin.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John L Myers [Chairman of the British School at Athens] [PEN 1/2/3/2/2], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John L Myers [Chairman of the British School at Athens], Friday, August 20, 1943

Thanking Hilda for a donation of [John’s] books to the Villa Ariadne (Knossos), and discussing a planned retrospect of John’s work for the Annual [of the British School at Athens]. Myers also mentions that he did not know John well, praises the usefulness of ‘The Archaeology of Crete’, and says that he would like to look at the books in Cambridge (Hilda was to store the books in Cambridge until the British School could arrange for them to be taken to Knossos).

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury [PEN 1/2/3/3/1], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury, Saturday, May 19, 1945

Containing family news, hopes that Hilda will get information from Mercy [Money-Coutts] or [Tom Dunbabin] about what happened to John [Pendlebury] during the German occupation of Crete now that the island had been liberated, and discussion of a biography about John presented to St. George’s School in Wigan. Herbert writes that he had thanked Mr Martin for a biography of John that he and Gerard [Pendlebury, John’s cousin] wrote and a book they made for St George’s School; that he had a letter in reply about a church service [memorial service for John] on St George’s day during which the book was on display, and that the book was to be placed in the School Hall. Herbert also writes that they had a nice letter from David [Pendlebury] and hoped to see him at Abberley [school] next month; that they had not seen Joan [Pendlebury]; that he had been re-elected as Chairman of the Library Committee; and that Robin [Herbert’s step-son] was to go before a medical board in a military hospital in Hereford.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury [PEN 1/2/3/3/2], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Herbert Pendlebury, [c.May-Jun 1945]

Updating Hilda on correspondence and family news: that he had written on David [Pendlebury] to arrange to visit him; that he wrote to the Master of Pembroke [College, Cambridge] sending a character sketch of [John] by [Bob] Dixon and thanking him for sending Hilda a letter from Gardner-Brown, with paragraphs about John quoted from the Master’s reply; that Robin [Herbert’s step-son] had 3 months leave from military service after going before the medical board; and that Mabel [Dickinson] was not very well.

First page of a letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [the Squire, R W Hutchinson] [PEN 1/2/3/3/3], First page of a letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [the Squire, R W Hutchinson], Thursday, June 14, 1945

Conveying a story of John’s death told to him by Terence Mitford, who was originally told by [Aristea Droussoulakis], the widow of Drossolakis (one of John’s agents). The story was that John was brought to her house (slightly wounded) by German parachutists, that women were sent to get a doctor and found some German’s (who they thought would act like the parachutists) but who accused Drossalakis’ widow of harbouring a British officer and shot John.

A letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from the Squire [R W Hutchinson] [PEN 1/2/3/3/4], A letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from the Squire [R W Hutchinson], [c.Dec 1945-1946]

Discussing John’s grave at Suda Bay, tracking where he had been originally buried and moved to (Ayias Constantinos Cemetery between Herakleion [Iráklion] and Ayias Ioannis). Also recounts conversations that Hutchinson had had with Dr Kasapis and Mr [“Troupoudzcakis”?] (who verified John’s body), who both confirmed that John died from one shot and that he had not been shot in bed. Also includes news of his mother’s health, and of the Hammonds (Robin, Martin, Molly and their daughters), and telling Hilda that lots of people asked after her including Kosti, Maria and Manoli.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Nicholas Hammond [PEN 1/2/3/3/5], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Nicholas Hammond, Monday, June 25, 1945

Passing on information about Mike Cumberlege (and Sergeant Steel) from Talbot Rice, hoping that Cumberlege might still be alive, and asking Hilda for Mrs Cumberlege’s address.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Tom Dunbabin [PEN 1/2/3/3/6], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Tom Dunbabin, Saturday, December 15, 1945

Sending a photograph of John in Cretan clothes, and informing Hilda that he had John’s gloves and stick to give her but that most of John’s belongings had been destroyed (including papers that were thrown down a well to stop the German’s seeing them). Dunbabin also asks Hilda about plans to publish John’s diaries and offers help.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Gerald Gardner-Brown [PEN 1/2/3/4/1], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Gerald Gardner-Brown, Thursday, February 19, 1948

Recounting details of a story about John Pendlebury in Crete which Gardner-Brown had looked up in his diary, and thanking Hilda for letting him visit her and telling him about her visit to Crete. Gardner-Brown had been told the story by Captain Adair (employee of Cable and Wireless) of how he escaped from Syra [Syros] to Crete, met John, last saw John with Major Ogilvy of the Scots Guards firing up a street in Heraklion [Iráklion], and then heard that John and Ogilvy had both been shot in the head.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb] [PEN 1/2/3/4/2], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb], Monday, May 17, 1948

Thanking Hilda for ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, discussing John’s writing and the trip to Eastern Crete. Also includes news of [Mary’s family] and that she had read in a local Hampshire newspaper that David [Pendlebury] had done well in the high and long jump in athletics at Winchester [College].

Letter to [Hilda Pendlebury] from [Dr Styl. Giamalakis] [PEN 1/2/3/4/3], Letter to [Hilda Pendlebury] from [Dr Styl. Giamalakis], Sunday, June 06, 1948

Thanking Hilda for ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, saying that it reminded him of the time spent with John, asking to be considered as a family friend and stating that John’s sacrifice would never be forgotten by the people of Heraklion [Iráklion]

Letter to Hilda Pendlebury from George Polychronides (Heraklion [Iráklion], Crete) [PEN 1/2/3/4/4], Letter to Hilda Pendlebury from George Polychronides (Heraklion [Iráklion], Crete), Thursday, June 10, 1948

Asking where to purchase ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, praising the book and saying that he had read Artistea Drosoulakis’ copy and had heard about the book from Dr Styl. Giamalakis.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from A W Lawrence [PEN 1/2/3/4/6], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from A W Lawrence, Saturday, October 16, 1948

Thanking Hilda for copies of [‘John Pendlebury in Crete’] given to Lawrence and a library [”Ark” in Cambridge], and quoting lines from a Yeats poem which Lawrence thought could relate to John.

Typed copy of a letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Major J. D. Stanley Moss [PEN 1/2/3/4/7], Typed copy of a letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Major J. D. Stanley Moss, 20 Jan [1949]

Thanking Hilda for ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, discussing how John was still celebrated by Cretans with stories and songs, and that Moss (and others) were proud to follow in John’s footsteps and could not have accomplished what they did without John’s work in Crete.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Major Arthur G de L. Willis [PEN 1/2/3/4/8], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Major Arthur G de L. Willis, Saturday, February 05, 1949

Thanking Hilda for ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, recalling memories of being friends and rival high-jumpers with John (1925-27), and John’s love of historical romance books by Maurice Hewlett.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Rowe Harding [PEN 1/2/3/4/9], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Rowe Harding, Friday, February 11, 1949

Thanking Hilda for ‘John Pendlebury in Crete’, and reminiscing about time spent with John when they were both students in Pembroke College Cambridge. Includes details of a story-telling and beer drinking society which John founded (Ye Joyeux Companie of St Pol); John’s high-jumping in University athletics; life and friendships with others at Pembroke College, and as part of a group around Henry Comber [a modern languages fellow at Pembroke]; and describing John’s character when he was a student.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John [Rinkel?] [PEN 1/2/3/4/10], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from John [Rinkel?], Sunday, February 20, 1949

Thanking Hilda for [‘John Pendlebury in Crete’], regretting that he lost touch with John [after being students together in Cambridge] and inviting Hilda for lunch if she went to London.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from James Mansel, Winchester [College] [PEN 1/2/3/4/11], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from James Mansel, Winchester [College], Thursday, March 03, 1949

Thanking Hilda for [‘John Pendlebury in Crete’], hoping to see Hilda during the term, saying he sees David [Pendlebury] intermittently and discussing what David was reading.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from David Burghley (The Rt. Hon. The Lord Burghley) [PEN 1/2/3/4/12], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from David Burghley (The Rt. Hon. The Lord Burghley), Tuesday, March 22, 1949

Thanking Hilda for [‘John Pendlebury in Crete’] and reminiscing about his days at Cambridge with John in the [Cambridge University Athletics Club].

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from S [Umehara] (Kyoto, Japan) [PEN 1/2/3/5/1], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from S [Umehara] (Kyoto, Japan), Friday, January 27, 1950

Thanking Hilda for a letter, sending condolences on John’s death, explaining that they knew of John through their interest in Cretan archaeology and had hoped to meet him, discussing having met Arthur Evans and been in contact with [Ellis] Minns, and wanting to see Hilda when they next travelled to Cambridge to look at Minns’ work.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [William] Bill Stanley Moss [PEN 1/2/3/5/2], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from [William] Bill Stanley Moss, “Easter Monday” [1950]

Thanking Hilda for a letter about his book ‘I’ll Met by Moonlight’ (about Stanley Moss’ experiences in Crete in the Second World War); discussing the book; apologising for not having sent her a copy (but he had only seen the proof so far); and explaining in his original writings he had included a detailed account of John Pendlebury’s activities in Crete but that had been cut by the editor.

Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Peter Wait, Methuen and Co. Ltd (publishers) [PEN 1/2/3/5/3], Letter to [Hilda] Pendlebury from Peter Wait, Methuen and Co. Ltd (publishers), Friday, September 26, 1952

Replying to a letter from Hilda, stating that he did not know that [‘The Archaeology of Crete’ by John Pendlebury had been translated into Russian.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Malcolm [MacGougan] [PEN 1/2/3/5/4], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Malcolm [MacGougan], Wednesday, June 10, 1953

Thanking Hilda for lending some ‘treasures’ [of John’s], and discussing the event they had been used for [perhaps a reunion at Pembroke College, Cambridge].

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb] [PEN 1/2/3/5/5], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Mary [Chubb], 10 Jun [1954]

Telling Hilda about a tour around Greece that she had been on with Catherine Glanville, that she had visited John’s grave, and reminiscing about travelling with Hilda and John Pendlebury in Greece and Crete [in 1931 and 1933]. Also includes news of Catherine and Lucia [Stephen Glanville’s daughters], asking after David and Joan [Pendlebury], inviting Hilda to visit if she were near but regretting that she could not get away from home unless Ethel [her sister] came to stay to look after her father [J B Chubb], and mentioning that her book [‘Nefertiti lived here’] should be published in October.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Ralph Lavers [PEN 1/2/3/5/6], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from Ralph Lavers, Tuesday, November 02, 1954

Thanking Hilda for a letter, discussing [‘Nefertiti Lived Here’] by Mary [Chubb] which Lavers contributed drawings to, reminiscing about their time spent at Tell el-Amarna [Amarna], discussing personal and family news, and inviting Hilda to visit if she ever was in London.

Postcard to Hilda Pendlebury from Dilys [Powell] [PEN 1/2/3/5/7], Postcard to Hilda Pendlebury from Dilys [Powell], Monday, April 13, 1959

Telling Hilda that she had an exercise book with photographs, and thanking Hilda for a quotation.

Letter to Hilda Pendlebury from Winfred A Reeves (Secretary, Egyptian Exploration Society) [PEN 1/2/3/5/8], Letter to Hilda Pendlebury from Winfred A Reeves (Secretary, Egyptian Exploration Society), Thursday, January 21, 1960

Comprises a letter sent with a report on the Egyptian Exploration Society in 1958, asking Hilda to renew her Deed of Covenant and informing her that Reeves had had a visit from Gilbert Phillips who had been at the Tell el-Amarna [Amarna] excavation [as a volunteer for 2 weeks].

First page of a letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [?] (128A Ashley Gardens, London, SW1 and Tate Gallery) [PEN 1/2/3/5/9], First page of a letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [?] (128A Ashley Gardens, London, SW1 and Tate Gallery), Tuesday, December 08, 1964

Thanking Hilda for a letter and sending an offprint about one of John’s trips [around Crete], discussing a book [by or about John] not being revised and difficulty in getting copies, discussing an article in [the Illustrated London News] about clay tablets inscribed with Linear B being found at Thebes; and passing on that his sister had asked about Hilda.

Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [Tony ?] (Pembroke College, Cambridge) [PEN 1/2/3/5/10], Letter to Hilda [Pendlebury] from [Tony ?] (Pembroke College, Cambridge), Wednesday, February 18, 1970

Regretting that Hilda had been unwell and giving her information about the studentships that John and Bob Dixon had been awarded by the British School at Athens [in 1927].