Arab Shepherds near Gaza

Department Archive
Collection SPHS BSA Image Collection
Reference No. BSA SPHS 01/0126.1072
Level Item
Description Glass negative, quarter plate size, a copy negative, possibly taken from a photographic print.
Dimensions 7 x 6.5 cm
Place Gaza
Creator Baker-Penoyre, Mr John ff.
Scope and Content The original description in the SPHS register reads: "Gaza: near. Arab shepherds".
Notes Latest date based on its inclusion in a slide catalogue of 1913. The image on the glass negative is much smaller - 7 x 6.5cm- and was possibly created for the production of a lantern slide. SPHS Lectures & Slide Sets: This image appears in the SPHS Slide Sets: D.G. Hogarth, ca. 1923. Alexander the Great. Slide number 25; Unknown author, ca. 1925. The Travels of Saint Paul. Slide number 46 and B.I. and I.A. Lawrence, ca. 1933. The Expedition of Cyrus & Xenophon's Anabasis. Slide number 33.
Further information Scenes from Modern Greek Life
Historic images often show scenes from modern life. These are not modern in the current sense, but reflect a time they were taken. Some were captured unintentionally, recording an aspect of contemporary activity while composing scenes of other interest such as ancient or historical monuments. However, many were taken with the express purpose of recording folk life, part of a trend in the latter part of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. The process of categorizing these ethnographic scenes of everyday life in image collections reflected contemporary folklore categories: material life (eg. domestic architecture, dress, craft and agricultural production), social life (eg. games, festivals) and spiritual life (eg. superstitions, religious activities).

However, a significant idea encapsulated in these ethnographic images was the 19th-century concept of continuity - relics or survivals - of ancient social life and practices in the present. In Greece, this concept of continuity was notably promoted by the scholar of folklore (laographia), Nikolaos Politis, and held by many British classicists and archaeologists of the time. In fact, the Irish classical scholar, J.P. Mahaffy encapsulated this idea in his 1876 travel book, Rambles and Studies in Greece: "Everywhere the modern Greek town is a mere survival of the old". These survivals were often linked to classical literature, cult and myth by scholars of the Greek world.


It is clear that these images are not simply quaint historical scenes, but they embody principles inherent in the discipline of Hellenic Studies in the recent past.

Reference 1913 JHS 33: Catalogue of Slides. 15.SPHS 1072. Link to article
1921 JHS 41: Slide Sets. lxiv.SPHS 1072. Link to article
1921 JHS 41: Slide Sets. lxv.SPHS 1072. Link to article