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About the George Finlay Papers

The George Finlay Papers contain materials created by and related to the British Historian and Philhellene George Finlay, his father John Finlay, Greek-American Philhellene George Jarvis, and British Philhellene Captain Frank Abney Hastings, dating from 1791 to 1949. Most of the collection consists of George Finlay’s meticulous records of his travels, personal and official correspondence, his personal expenditures, copious memoranda on strategy and on military and political organisation, journal entries, maps, facetiae, scrapbooks, personal notes on people—Greeks and others—and on revolutionary events, newspaper cuttings mainly on Greece and international affairs, as well as Finlay’s original manuscripts of the History of the Greek Revolution (1861) as well as corrected proofs of Finlay’s other published works.

Also included are the papers of Finlay’s father, John, two journals of Greek American philhellene, George Jarvis, and those of Finlay’s fellow British philhellene, Captain Frank Abney Hastings. The Hastings papers, which Finlay purchased in 1830, include personal and official correspondence, ship’s logs, notes that he took on board or ashore, as well as memoranda on strategy and on the naval organisation of the revolutionary forces. Collectively, these records reveal a great deal about the character, motivations, ideas, as well as the military and political judgements of these British individuals, as well as of many others, both British and Greek, with whom they interacted during the Greek War of Independence as well as many of Finlay's other interests, such as Classical and Byzantine history, natural history and politics.

Notice of Award of SIlver Cross [FIN/GF/A/21/018], Notice of Award of SIlver Cross, 24 May 1842

Notice of award by King Otho of the Silver Cross for services in the war (24 May 1842).

Notice of Award of Gold Cross [FIN/GF/A/21/019], Notice of Award of Gold Cross, 10 June 1837

Notice of award by King Otho of the Gold Cross of Knight of the Order of the Redeemer of Greece (10 June 1837).

Election to Instituto di Correspondenza Archeologica di Roma [FIN/GF/A/21/021], Election to Instituto di Correspondenza Archeologica di Roma, 9 December 1839

Election to Corresponding Membership of the lnstituto di Correspondenza Archeologica di Roma (9 December 1839).
Enclosed-letter of the Editor of the Society (3 March 1838) and letter of the same (22 February 1840).

Election to Provincial Council of Attica [FIN/GF/A/21/024], Election to Provincial Council of Attica, 7 December 1841

George Finlay elected as member of the Provincial Council of Attica by the Demarch of Athens (7 December 1841).

Election to Greek Archaeological Society [FIN/GF/A/21/025], Election to Greek Archaeological Society

Election as Corresponding Member of the Greek Archaeological Society (6 July 1848).

Membership of Royal Society of Literature [FIN/GF/A/21/026], Membership of Royal Society of Literature, 6 July 1856

Honorary Membership of the Royal Society of Literature (London). (Enclosed-letter from the Secretary of 6 July 1856.)

Diploma from University of Athens [FIN/GF/A/21/027], Diploma from University of Athens, 25 June 1856

Diploma of recognition from the University of Athens (25 June 1856).

Diploma of membership of St Petersberg Academy [FIN/GF/A/21/028], Diploma of membership of St Petersberg Academy, 29 December 1856

Diploma of Hon. Membership of St. Petersburg Imperial Academy (29 December 1856).
(Enclosed-letter from the Secretary of Hon. Membership of St. Petersburg Imperial Academy (10 January 1866) ; letter of George Finlay to the Secretary (10 February 1866).
Letter of George Finlay to the Secretary of Hon. Membership of St. Petersburg Imperial Academy (23 June 1866) reply of the Secretary (24 August 1866).)

Diploma [FIN/GF/A/21/029], Diploma

(in envelope) Diploma to George Finlay at Athens as Ehrenmitglieder der Gesellschaft für vaterländische Alterthümer in Zürich.

Greek Secretary of State to George Finlay, 2 Jun 1837 [FIN/GF/A/21/030], Greek Secretary of State to George Finlay, 2 Jun 1837, 2 June 1837

Letter from the Greek Secretary of State regarding George Finlay's resignation from the Greek Army (2 June 1837).

A. C. Ionides to George FInlay [FIN/GF/A/21/035], A. C. Ionides to George FInlay

Letter from A. C. lonides to George Finlay (undated).

Ph. Roques to George FInlay [FIN/GF/A/21/036], Ph. Roques to George FInlay

Letter from Ph. Roques to George Finlay re the award of the Croix d'Or (undated).

H.D. Leeves to George FInlay [FIN/GF/A/21/037], H.D. Leeves to George FInlay

Letter from H. D. Leeves to George Finlay (undated).

Invitation from M. and Mme. Photiades [FIN/GF/A/21/038], Invitation from M. and Mme. Photiades, 13 September 1862

Invitation from M. and Mme. Photiades to Mr. and Mrs. George Finlay (13 September 1862).

Invitation from Minister of War [FIN/GF/A/21/039], Invitation from Minister of War, 15 December 1862

Invitation from the Minister of War to George Finlay (15 December 1862).

Archaeological Society invitation [FIN/GF/A/21/040], Archaeological Society invitation, 28 May 1869

Invitation to a lecture at the Archaeological Society, 28 May 1869

Newspaper clipping [FIN/GF/A/21/042], Sub-item, Newspaper clipping, 31/05/1928

Ὲσπέρα Πέμπτης. Ο Αστιγξ προς τον τομπαζην

Diploma of LL.D. Edinburgh, 1854 [FIN/GF/A/22], Diploma of LL.D. Edinburgh, 1854, 6 May 1854

Long black circular tin case. Black tin case containing diploma conferring LL.D. Edinburgh on George Finlay 6 May 1854. In the cap of the cylinder is a red seal, that has subsequently broken into fragments. Around the edges of the seal reads "sigillum com.universit.edinb.sive coll.jac.vi.scot.reg". The diploma has blue ribbon attached to the bottom of it, part of which has torn off.

Miscellaneous large prints [FIN/GF/A/23], Miscellaneous large prints

Loose sheets kept rolled up 62 cm long. Miscellaneous large prints from the Finlay Papers

Lithograph of the Great Exhibition [FIN/GF/A/23/001], Lithograph of the Great Exhibition, 1851

View of the Great Exhibition Building-coloured lithograph (London, 1851).

Lithograph of Demetrios Mavromichalis [FIN/GF/A/23/003], Lithograph of Demetrios Mavromichalis

Portrait of Demetrios Mavromichalis (Lithograph). With an illegible handwritten note in French.

Ground plan of the Temple of Minerva [FIN/GF/A/23/006], Ground plan of the Temple of Minerva, 1846

Ground plan of the actual state of the Temple of Minerva at Athens-by George Knowles 1846. With handwritten note: 'To George Finlay Esqr with GK's compts.'

Etching of the ancient city of Cnidus [FIN/GF/A/23/007], Etching of the ancient city of Cnidus

[Antiquities of] Ionia, Part 3, Chapter 1, Plate II-the ancient city of Cnidus (from a sketch by Sir William Gell, etching by W. J. Cooke).

Etching of view from Cnidus [FIN/GF/A/23/008], Etching of view from Cnidus

[Antiquities of] Ionia, Part 3, Chapter 1, Plate III-view taken from the upper theatre at Cnidus (etched by W. J. Cooke).

Huldigung an Seine Majestat Otto I', with portrait [FIN/GF/A/23/010], Huldigung an Seine Majestat Otto I', with portrait

'HULDIGUNG an Seine Majestat Otto den Ersten ...von M. G. Saphir' (with portrait of Otho).

Notice of Croix d'Or [FIN/GF/A/24/003], Sub-item, Notice of Croix d'Or, 15 June 1837

Notice of award of Croix d'Or for services rendered to Greece 'en votre qualité de Philhellène' by the King (Athens 3/15 June 1837) (in French).

Notice of Silver Cross [FIN/GF/A/24/004], Sub-item, Notice of Silver Cross, 26 February 1836

Notice of award of Silver Cross for military service during the War of Revolution (Athens 14/26 February 1836) (in Greek).

Letter from National Library to George Finlay, 21 Mar 1870 [FIN/GF/A/24/005], Sub-item, Letter from National Library to George Finlay, 21 Mar 1870, 21 March 1870

Letter from the Ephor of the National Library and the Numismatic Museum of Greece thanking George Finlay for copy of B. Brue's journal on the campaign of Ali Pacha (Athens 21 March 1870) (in Greek).

Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings [FIN/GF/A/25], Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings, 1852-1856

Loose cuttings. Miscellaneous newspaper cuttings (mostly from The Times, 1852, 1854, 1856).

Newspaper cuttings on various subjects [FIN/GF/A/26], Newspaper cuttings on various subjects

Green mottle boards, faded navy cloth spine, paginated, pp.1- 186, bound.
Newspaper cuttings pasted in+some loose more or less arranged under subjects but not indexed by George Finlay.
England, mostly reviews of historical works from The Times in the 60s.
Ireland, Canada, India.
Biographical works and obituary notices, e.g. Joseph Hume 1855, Sir James Brooke 1868.
Parliamentary reforms 1852, 1859, 1967 (Globe, The Times).
Alabama question (The Times).
Abyssinia, 1867, 1868.
See also FIN/GF/A/12/5 [R. 8.35] Modern Scraps.

Press cuttings related to Abyssinian campaign, 1867 [FIN/GF/A/27], Press cuttings related to Abyssinian campaign, 1867, 1867

Loose cuttings. Press cuttings (loose) relative to the Abyssinian campaign of 1867, affairs in Europe and Napoleon III. Also a written list.

Press cuttings on various topics, 1845-1873 [FIN/GF/A/28], Press cuttings on various topics, 1845-1873, 1845- 1873

Loose cuttings. Miscellaneous collection of press cuttings, dating from 1845 to 1873, covering a wide range, e.g. Scottish affairs, the Nile, the Navy, etc. Also 3 handwritten notes and 1 bill.

Book on the 'Communications between Europe and India through Egypt' [FIN/GF/A/29], Book on the 'Communications between Europe and India through Egypt', 1846

Black, worn black calf spine, printed book.
G. Finlay, The Communications between Europe and India through Egypt, considered in relation to the political and commercial interests of Great Britain and the policy of France (London, Smith Elder and Co., 65 Cornhill, 1846), pp. 1-73.
And some loose newspaper cuttings and handwritten jottings.

Commonplace book, 1829-1874 [FIN/GF/A/30], Commonplace book, 1829-1874, January 1829-1874

Vellum covers, broken spine, paginated, pp. 1-63+ 1-67, bound.
Commonplace Book
Poetical quotations at one end, some handwritten; some cuttings pasted in; some loose sheets with George Finlay's jottings+ loose press cuttings.
Extracts at the other end, including newspaper cuttings, anecdotes, etc., and material relating to Bentham.
First entry date January 1829 and the last 1874.