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Mycenae Excavation Records

The Mycenae Excavation Records consist primarily of original site plans, drawings and watercolours of artefacts, as well as a few notebooks and photographs, produced during the 1920-23 British School at Athens excavations at Mycenae led by then BSA Director, Alan Wace. Some of the areas explored in these early excavations include the Palace, Grave Circle, Lion Gate, Granary, and the Ramp House as well as numerous tombs including the Treasury of Atreus, Tomb of the Genii, Tomb of Aegisthus, and the Kalkani and Third Kilometre Cemeteries.

Most of these documents were deposited at the BSA by Alan Wace and Piet de Jong after the 1920-23 excavations while others were deposited in the 1930s either after they were published or after they returned to Athens from the 1936 exhibition, ‘British Archaeological Discoveries in Greece and Crete, 1886-1936’ hosted at Burlington House (Royal Academy of Arts) in London. Two notebooks by Winifred Lamb were added to the collection as part of the Lamb bequest in 1963 and two notebooks by Walter A. Heurtley were donated by Sylvia Benton in 1972. Additionally, some of the watercolour drawings, previously framed by Elizabeth B. French, were left to the British School at Athens in 1994 following her tenure as the BSA Director.

Askos from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/36/3], Askos from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II askos from Tomb 529. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Three-Handled Amphorae from Tomb 515 [MYC 3/1/36/4], Three-Handled Amphorae from Tomb 515, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II three-handled amphorae from Tomb 515. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Jug with Horizontal Lip from Tomb 518 [MYC 3/1/36/5], Jug with Horizontal Lip from Tomb 518, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II jug with horizontal lip from Tomb 518. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Alabastron from Tomb 532 [MYC 3/1/36/6], Alabastron from Tomb 532, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II alabastron from Tomb 532. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Vaphio Style Cup from Tomb 532 [MYC 3/1/36/7], Vaphio Style Cup from Tomb 532, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II vaphio style cup from Tomb 532. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Alabastron with Continuous Wave Design from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/36/8], Alabastron with Continuous Wave Design from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II alabastron with continuous wave design from Tomb 529. MYC 3/1/36/1 - MYC 3/1/36/8 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 109.

Pottery from Tomb of Aegisthus and Kalkani Cemetery [MYC 3/1/37], Pottery from Tomb of Aegisthus and Kalkani Cemetery, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawings of amphorae and alabastrons from the Tomb of Aegisthus and Tombs 518 & 529 of the Kalkani Cemetery. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Palace Style Amphorae from the Tomb of Aegisthus [MYC 3/1/37/1], Palace Style Amphorae from the Tomb of Aegisthus, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing showing detailed reproduction of the pattern on a palace style amphorae from the tomb of Aegisthus. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Alabastron No. 8 from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/37/2], Alabastron No. 8 from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of alabastron No. 8 from Tomb 529 decorated with an ivy leaf with curved lobes. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 3 from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/37/3], L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 3 from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 3 from Tomb 529 decorated with a network pattern. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 2 from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/37/4], L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 2 from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of L.H. II Three Handled Amphorae No. 2 from Tomb 529 decorated with palm fronds. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Vertical Sided Alabastron from Tomb 518 [MYC 3/1/37/5], Vertical Sided Alabastron from Tomb 518, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of vertical sided alabastron from Tomb 518. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Alabastron No. 7 from Tomb 529 [MYC 3/1/37/6], Alabastron No. 7 from Tomb 529, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of alabastron No. 7 from Tomb 529 decorated with alternating ivy leaves and buds on curved stems. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Alabastron No. 28 from Tomb 518 [MYC 3/1/37/7], Alabastron No. 28 from Tomb 518, 1921-1922

Watercolour drawing of alabastron No. 28 from Tomb 518 decorated with solid ivy leaves and curved stems. MYC 3/1/37/1 - MYC 3/1/37/7 are all included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 110.

Fragment #3 from Fresco of Men and Bulls from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/01], Fragment #3 from Fresco of Men and Bulls from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of a fresco fragment found at the Ramp House probably from a fresco displaying men in athletic competition and bulls. This fragment is also included in MYC 3/2/14 & MYC 4/05.

Fragment #20 from Fresco of Men and Bulls from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/02], Fragment #20 from Fresco of Men and Bulls from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragment #20 from the fresco displaying men in athletic competition and bulls from the Ramp House. This fragment is also included in MYC 3/2/14 & MYC 4/05.

Fragments #23-25 from Fresco of Women from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/03], Fragments #23-25 from Fresco of Women from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragments #23-25 from the fresco displaying women from the Ramp House. These fragments are also included in MYC 3/2/04, MYC 3/2/15, MYC 4/01, and MYC 4/06.

Fragments #23 & 25 from Fresco of Women from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/04], Fragments #23 & 25 from Fresco of Women from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragments #23 & 25 from the fresco displaying women from the Ramp House. These fragments are also included in MYC 3/2/03, MYC 3/2/15, MYC 4/01, and MYC 4/06.

Fragment #13 and Others from Fresco of Plant with Blue Leaves from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/05], Fragment #13 and Others from Fresco of Plant with Blue Leaves from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragment #13, along with 4 other unpublished fragments, from the fresco displaying plants with blue leaves from the Ramp House. The individual fragments are numbered (14 & 14a-d). The fragment labeled “14” in this image is identical to fragment “13” in MYC, 3/2/16, MYC 4/02, & MYC 4/07

Fragment #27 and Others from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/06], Fragment #27 and Others from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragment #27, along with four other unpublished fragments, from the fresco displaying abstract patterns of lines, spots, and other markings colored red, yellow, blue, black, and white from the Ramp House. The central fragment is identical to fragment #27 from MYC 4/03 & MYC 4/08.

Fragment #30 from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/07], Fragment #30 from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragment #30 from the fresco displaying abstract patterns of lines, spots, and other markings colored red, yellow, blue, black, and white from the Ramp House.

Fragments A & B from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/08], Fragments A & B from Fresco of Abstract Patterns from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fragments a & b from the fresco displaying abstract patterns of lines, spots, and other markings colored red, yellow, blue, black, and white from the Ramp House.

Fresco Fragments with Blue Stripes and Gold Dots [MYC 3/2/09], Fresco Fragments with Blue Stripes and Gold Dots, 1920-1923

Watercolour of three fragments, decorated with stripes of light and dark blue and dots of gold, from a fresco in the Ramp House.

Fresco Fragments with Blue Stripes and White Dots [MYC 3/2/10], Fresco Fragments with Blue Stripes and White Dots, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of three fragments, decorated with stripes of light and dark blue and dots of white, from a fresco in the Ramp House.

Squares 1a & 2b of Floor in Palace Court [MYC 3/2/11], Squares 1a & 2b of Floor in Palace Court, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing squares 1a & 2b of the North side floor of the palace. The surviving fragments are identifiable by their much brighter colors. These squares are also represented in MYC 3/2/12, MYC 3/2/25, & MYC 3/2/26

Columns 1-5 of Floor in Palace Court (Black & White) [MYC 3/2/12], Columns 1-5 of Floor in Palace Court (Black & White), 1920-1923

Ink drawing showing columns 1-5 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. Squares 1a & 2b are also represented in MYC 3/2/11. These columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/25 & 3/2/26.

Columns 6-11 of Floor in Palace Court (Black & White) [MYC 3/2/13], Columns 6-11 of Floor in Palace Court (Black & White), 1920-1923

Ink drawing showing columns 6-11 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. Column 6 is also represented in MYC 3/2/26. Columns 7-10 are represented in MYC 3/2/28. All columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/27

Fresco Fragments of Men and Bulls from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/14], Fresco Fragments of Men and Bulls from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments displaying men in athletic competition and bulls from the Ramp House. The individual fragments are numbered (1-7, 20). This is the final version from which MYC 4/05 was printed. Individual fragments are also included as MYC 3/2/01 & MYC 3/2/02

Fresco Fragments of Women from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/15], Fresco Fragments of Women from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments displaying women, specifically their dresses, from the Ramp House. The individual fragments are numbered (8-10, 23-25). This is the final version from which MYC 4/01 & MYC 4/06 were printed. Individual fragments are also included as MYC 3/2/03 & MYC 3/2/04.

Fresco Fragments of Plant with Blue Leaves from Ramp House [MYC 3/2/16], Fresco Fragments of Plant with Blue Leaves from Ramp House, 1920-1921

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments displaying plants with blue leaves from the Ramp House. The individual fragments are numbered (11-19, 21-22). This is the final water-colour from which MYC 4/02 & MYC 4/07 were printed. Fragment #13 is included in MYC 3/2/05.

Fresco Fragments of Plants from Palace [MYC 3/2/17], Fresco Fragments of Plants from Palace, 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments with various plant designs (rosettes, petals, leaves, and stems) from the Palace. The individual fragments are numbered (1-8). The fragments were found in the following locations: 1, 2, from east lobby; 3-5, pithos area; 6, guardroom; 7, porch; 8, megaron. Fragment #1 is also included as MYC 3/2/18.

Fragment #1 from Fresco of Plants from Palace [MYC 3/2/18], Fragment #1 from Fresco of Plants from Palace, 1921-1923

Watercolour of fresco fragment #1 displaying leaves and stems from the Palace. This fragment was found in the east lobby. This fragment is also included in MYC 3/2/17

Helmet on Fragment of Fresco from Megaron [MYC 3/2/19], Helmet on Fragment of Fresco from Megaron, 1921-1923

Ink drawing of a fresco fragment, showing part a helmet, found in the Megaron of the Palace.

Fresco Fragments of Plants from Palace [MYC 3/2/20], Fresco Fragments of Plants from Palace, 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments (numbered a-p), found by Tsountas in 1886, showing various body parts, jewellry, and clothes. The fragments were probably from a fresco of women in procession.

Painted Stucco Floor from Room of the Throne [MYC 3/2/21], Painted Stucco Floor from Room of the Throne, 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a painted stucco floor displaying blue and white rosettes with red centers. It was found in Palace, Room of the Throne. There is a scale for reference and minor annotations.

Painted Stucco Floor from Vestibule of the Palace [MYC 3/2/22], Painted Stucco Floor from Vestibule of the Palace, 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a painted stucco floor, found in the Vestibule of the Palace, with red, white, and blue zig-zag lines with white dots. The same stucco is represented in MYC 3/2/23.

Painted Stucco Floor from Vestibule of the Palace (Incorrect Rendering) [MYC 3/2/23], Painted Stucco Floor from Vestibule of the Palace (Incorrect Rendering), 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a painted stucco floor, from the Vestibule of the Palace, with red, white, and blue zig-zag lines with white dots. The same stucco is represented in MYC 3/2/22. It is labelled “202” on the front with the annotations, 'Miss Gomme drawing', 'incorrect','useless'.

Painted Stucco on Dado of the Porch [MYC 3/2/24], Painted Stucco on Dado of the Porch, 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a painted stucco floor, from the dado of the Palace's Porch, with multiple half rosette patterns. It is labelled “90(a)” on the front and “164” on the back.

Columns 1-5 of Floor in Palace Court (As Found) [MYC 3/2/25], Columns 1-5 of Floor in Palace Court (As Found), 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing columns 1-5 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. Squares 1a & 2b are also represented in MYC 3/2/11. These columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/12 & MYC 3/2/26.

Columns 1-6 of Floor in Palace Court [MYC 3/2/26], Columns 1-6 of Floor in Palace Court, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing columns 1-6 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. Squares 1a & 2b are also represented in MYC 3/2/11. These columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/12 & 3/2/25. Colum 6 is also represented in MYC 3/2/13 & MYC 3/2/27.

Columns 6-11 of Floor in Palace Court (As Found) [MYC 3/2/27], Columns 6-11 of Floor in Palace Court (As Found), 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing columns 6-11 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. Column 6 is also represented in MYC 3/2/26. Columns 7-10 are represented in MYC 3/2/28. All columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/13

Columns 7-10 of Floor in Palace Court [MYC 3/2/28], Columns 7-10 of Floor in Palace Court, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing columns 7-10 of the North side floor of the palace. Only the surviving fragments are included. All columns are also represented in MYC 3/2/13 & MYC 3/2/27.

Wave Patterns Painted on Stucco of the Hearth [MYC 3/2/29], Wave Patterns Painted on Stucco of the Hearth, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing wave patterns painted on successive layers of stucco from the Palace Hearth.

Various Patterns Painted on Stucco of the Hearth [MYC 3/2/30], Various Patterns Painted on Stucco of the Hearth, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing showing wave, stripe, and spiral patterns painted on successive layers of stucco from the Palace Hearth.

Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (A-F) [MYC 3/2/31], Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (A-F), 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a fresco showing a building of several stories with women either standing in the windows or outside. The fresco was badly damaged by fire and found on the floor of the Megaron in the Palace. This piece displays segments A-F, while sections G & H are displayed in MYC 3/2/32. All sections are also represented in MYC 3/2/33.

Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (G-H) [MYC 3/2/32], Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (G-H), 1921-1923

Watercolour drawing of a fresco showing a building of several stories with women either standing in the windows or outside. The fresco was badly damaged by fire and found on the floor of the Megaron in the Palace. This piece displays segments G & H, while sections A-F are displayed in MYC 3/2/31. All sections are also represented in MYC 3/2/33.

Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (A-H) [MYC 3/2/33], Fresco from the Wall of the Megaron (A-H), 1921-1923

Ink drawing of a fresco representing a building of several stories with women either standing in the windows or outside. The fresco has been badly damaged by fire and was found on the floor of the Megaron in the Palace. This piece displays all segments, of which A-F are represented in MYC 3/2/31 and G & H are represented in MYC 3/2/32.

Fresco fragments showing a woman holding a piece of textile [MYC 3/2/34], Fresco fragments showing a woman holding a piece of textile, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing of fresco fragments showing what appears to be a seated or kneeling woman holding a piece of textile. Drawing is labelled “2101” on the back.

Frieze of Warriors and Horses [MYC 3/2/35], Frieze of Warriors and Horses, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing of proposed reconstruction of a fresco frieze of warriors and horses made during the BSA excavations in Mycenae, 1920-1923. The actual pieces of the frieze were found by Christos Tsountas in the Megaron during his excavations there in 1886. This drawing is also included in 1936 Exhibition collection as: 1936 EXH - 112.

Frieze of Spiral and Lotus Design [MYC 3/2/36], Frieze of Spiral and Lotus Design, 1920-1923

Watercolour drawing with an proposed reconstruction of a fresco with a spiral and lotus design, found by Tsountas near the Western portal. MYC 3/2/36 is included in 1936 Exhibition collection: 1936 EXH - 113.