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About the BRF Collection

The Byzantine Research Fund Archive (BRF) is a unique collection of architectural drawings, photographs and notebooks created from the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th century by a small team of British architects trained in the Arts & Crafts tradition whose studies of Byzantium shaped the Byzantine Revival in later years.

The collection contains over 1,500 drawings and 1,000 photographs, numerous notebooks and the corporate records associated with the Byzantine Research and Publication Fund, the original body created in 1907 to support this work. Although the Fund was associated with the BSA from the time it was founded, it was not until 1937 that the BSA formerly took over the property and operation of it. The BRF Archive contains records of Byzantine monuments in Greece, Turkey, Italy, the Near East, Egypt, and Cyprus. In some cases, the collection contains the only record of a monument before its destruction in modern times, the most important example being the church of Hagios Demetrios in Thessalonike which was almost completely destroyed in the Great Fire of 1917 shortly after being recorded by one of the BRF architects, Walter Sykes George. It also contains personal records of the following architects; Robert Weir Schultz, Sidney Howard Barnsley, Walter Sykes George, William Harvey, Harold Swainson, Peter Gus Corbett, and A.H.S (Peter) Megaw. The aspirations of the BRF Archive Project today are to make these materials accessible to a wide range of researchers.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/010], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/010], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The church of Hagioi Apostoloi underwent four phases of construction/modification. This is the original (before restoration) ground plan of the church (Period I). The plan is entitled: 'Church of the Holy Apostles Athens', 'Plan'. Later additions are coloured differently and indicated as such ('Modern Additions'). A note in pencil in the right-hand corner reads: 'Been Redrawn'.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/011], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/011], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The church of Hagioi Apostoloi underwent four phases of construction/modifications. This is the original (before restoration) ground plan of the church (Period I). The plan is entitled: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens', 'The Plan Restored'. A sketch depicting the upper part of a column survives in the bottom left-hand corner.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/012], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/012], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The church of Hagioi Apostoloi underwent four phases of construction/modification. This is the original (before restoration) ground plan of the church (Period I). The plan is entitled: 'Church of The Holy Apostles Athens', 'Plan Restored'. A note in pencil in the top right-hand corner reads: 'Been Redrawn'. The plan was left unfinished.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/013], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/013], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

Transverse section. The section is entitled: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens', 'Transverse Section 1/4 Scale'. A caption at the bottom of the section reads: 'The Windows are now filled in'. Rough sketches of unidentified parts of the church occupy the bottom right-hand corner.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/015], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/015], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

North elevation. This elevation depicts in detail the five horizontal dentil courses of the church (an uppermost dentil cornice runs under the roof) as well as the ornamental brickwork of geometrical and Kufic/Kufesque designs which has been inserted in the vertical joints of the cloisonné masonry. The windows of the north side are double of the 'arcade' type. The elevation is entitled: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens', 'North Elevation 1/4 Inch Scale'. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/016], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/016], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

South elevation. The original walling of the Hagioi Apostoloi underwent minor repairs only on the south side. This elevation depicts in detail the five horizontal dentil courses of the church (an uppermost dentil cornice runs under the roof) as well as the ornamental brickwork of geometrical and Kufic/Kufesque designs which has been inserted in the vertical joints of the cloisonné masonry. The windows of the south side are double of the 'arcade' type. The elevation is entitled: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens', 'South Elevation 1/4 Inch Scale'.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/017], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/017], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

East elevation. This elevation depicts partly the five horizontal dentil courses of the church (an uppermost dentil cornice runs under the roof) as well as mainly the ornamental brickwork of geometrical and Kufic/Kufesque designs which has been inserted in the vertical joints of the cloisonné masonry. An alpha (A) and omega (O) as well as a leaved cross with IC XC in the upper angles decorate the exterior wall of the central apse of the bema. The window of the east apse is triple of the 'arcade' type. Those of the side apses are double of the same type. The elevation is entitled: 'Church of the Holy Apostles Athens', 'East Elevation'. Further annotation in pencil and ink survives.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/018], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/018], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

East elevation. This elevation depicts partly the five horizontal dentil courses of the church (an uppermost dentil cornice runs under the roof) as well as mainly the ornamental brickwork of geometrical and Kufic/Kufesque designs which has been inserted in the vertical joints of the cloisonné masonry. An alpha (A) and omega (O) as well as a leaved cross with IC XC in the upper angles decorate the exterior wall of the central apse of the bema. The window of the east apse is triple of the 'arcade' type. Those of the side apses are double of the same type. The elevation is entitled: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens', 'The East Elevation 1/4 Scale'. Two notes in ink survive: 'Dome modernised' next to the dome and 'Windows now filled in' delow the level of the ground floor. Further sketches in ink survive.

Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki[BRF/01/01/01/019], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/019], Hagioi Apostoloi tou Solaki, 1888-1890

East elevation. This elevation offers a detailed close representation of the masonry of the east side: five horizontal dentil courses (an uppermost dentil cornice runs under the roof) as well as ornamental brickwork of geometrical and Kufic/Kufesque designs have been inserted horizontally among the courses of the bricks and in the vertical joints of the cloisonné masonry respectively. An alpha (A) and omega (O) as well as a leaved cross with IC XC in the upper angles decorate also the exterior wall of the central apse of the bema. The window of the east apse is triple of the 'arcade' type. Those of the side apses are double of the same type. The elevation is entitled in pencil: 'Church of Holy Apostles Athens'.

Hagioi Asomatoi[BRF/01/01/01/020], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/020], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890

Ground plan. This plan is one of the earliest accurate depictions of the original Byzantine church. This is a preliminary drawing ( 'working-plan'). The words 'Asomaton' and 'Asomaton Athens' in capital letters are inscribed in the margin. The sketch of an unknown church in pencil survives on the reverse.

Hagioi Asomatoi[BRF/01/01/01/021], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/021], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890

Transverse section. This is a preliminary drawing. It is entitled (in pencil): 'Asomaton Athens'.

Hagioi Asomatoi[BRF/01/01/01/022], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/022], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890

Ground plan (bottom) and North elevation (top). This ia a preliminary drawing. The words 'Asomatoi' and 'Athens' appear in the top left-hand and the bottom right-hand corner respectively. Measurements of ornamental decoration survive on the reverse.

Hagioi Asomatoi[BRF/01/01/01/023], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/023], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890

Clockwise from top left: North elevation (top), Transverse section (bottom, on the right), Ground plan (bottom, on the left). This north elevation is of particular interest since it represents in its original form the north door of the narthex. The door which was arched and decorated with a double course of brickwork was walled up in a later phase. It was restored in 1960 crowned though by a single course of brickwork. The drawing is entitled (in pencil): 'Church of the Incorporeals (Asomatoi)' .

Hagioi Asomatoi[BRF/01/01/01/024], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/024], Hagioi Asomatoi, 1888-1890

North elevation (left), Transverse section (right). This is a preliminary drawing.

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/232], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/232], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Low relief marble closure slab. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. The drawing is annotated in pencil: 'Athens Museum?'. See also drawing no.BRF 01/01/01/242

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/233], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/233], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Parts of relief marble closure slabs. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. See also drawings nos. BRF 01/01/01/242 and BRF 01/01/01/239

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/234], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/234], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Relief marble closure slabs.Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. See also drawing no. BRF 01/01/01/242

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/235], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/235], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Relief marble closure slabs. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. This is a preliminary drawing. It is annotated in pencil. See also drawing no BRF 01/01/01/241

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/236], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/236], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Relief heraldic slab. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. The drawing is annotated in pencil.

Panagia Gorgoepikoos[BRF/01/01/01/237], Panagia Gorgoepikoos, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/237], Panagia Gorgoepikoos, 1888-1890

Preliminary drawing of relief marble closure slabs.The slabs are decorated with crosses surrounded by rosettes, other floral and geometrical motifs and could be dated to the middle Byzantine period. The two slabs decorate the west end (north part) of the church.

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/238], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/238], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Sections of marble epistyles, capitals, pilasters. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. This is a preliminary drawing. It is annotated in pencil.

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/239], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/239], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Parts of relief marble closure slabs. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens This is a preliminary drawing. It is anotated in pencil. See also drawings nos. BRF 01/01/01/233 and BRF 01/01/01/242

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/240], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/240], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Relief marble closure slab. Now in Byzantine Musuem Athens. This is a preliminary drawing. It is annotated in pencil.

Byzantine Museum Athens[BRF/01/01/01/241], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/241], Byzantine Museum Athens, 1888-1890

Preliminary drawing of Relief marble closure slabs - Lintel with relief decoration. Now in Byzantine Museum Athens. Further annotation in pencil survives. See also drawing no.BRF 01/01/01/235

Hagios Dionysios Areopagites[BRF/01/01/01/025], Hagios Dionysios Areopagites, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/025], Hagios Dionysios Areopagites, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The drawing is entitled: 'Church of St Dionysius Areopagite'. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Hagios Dionysios Areopagites[BRF/01/01/01/026], Hagios Dionysios Areopagites, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/026], Hagios Dionysios Areopagites, 1888-1890

Ground plan. This is a preliminary drawing entitled, St. Dionysios Areopagite-Athens. Further annotation in pencil survives including part of title in Greek.

Erechtheion[BRF/01/01/01/027], Erechtheion, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/027], Erechtheion, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The words 'Athens, Erechtheion' are inscribed in the top right-hand corner. Further annotation in pencil survives. This is a preliminary drawing.

Acropolis[BRF/01/01/01/103], Acropolis, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/103], Acropolis, 1888-1890

Rubbing - Fragment of lintel. This is a fragment of a lintel which was found 'outside the Acropolis'. It is decorated with foliate patterns (palmettes). Further annotation in ink and pencil survives.

Hagioi Theodoroi[BRF/01/01/01/104], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/104], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890

Ground plan. The drawing is entitled: 'Church of St Theodore Athens', 'Ground Plan'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Hagioi Theodoroi[BRF/01/01/01/105], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/105], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890

Longitudinal section with interior decoration. The drawing is entitled: 'Church of St Theodore Athens', 'Longitudinal Section'. Further annotation in ink survives.

Hagioi Theodoroi[BRF/01/01/01/106], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/106], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890

Transverse section. Preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Hagioi Theodoroi[BRF/01/01/01/107], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/107], Hagioi Theodoroi, 1888-1890

North elevation. The drawing depicts the bowls which were used as tympanun ornaments throughout the monument. Unfortunately, few of them are original.

Daphni Monastery[BRF/01/01/01/189], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/189], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890

Katholikon, Nave (dome) - Mosaic decoration. The drawing depicts the image of Prophet Sophonias which decorates the dome. This is a printed colour proof of an original drawing. A signature survives on the back.

Daphni Monastery[BRF/01/01/01/190], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/190], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890

Katholikon, Nave (dome) - Mosaic decoration. The drawing depicts the image of the Pantokrator, one of the most celebrated images of Byzantine art, which occupies the centre of the large dome. Recent cleaning by the Greek Archaeological Service revealed the plasticity in the rendering of this austere face. This is a preliminary drawing. It is entitled (in Greek):

Daphni Monastery[BRF/01/01/01/192], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/192], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890

Katholikon, Interior cornices. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Daphni Monastery[BRF/01/01/01/193], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/193], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890

Narthex doorway. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Daphni Monastery[BRF/01/01/01/194], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/01/194], Daphni Monastery, 1888-1890

Narthex doorway. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives.

Hodegetria Church-Afendiko (Vrontochion Monastery)[BRF/01/01/14/055], Hodegetria Church-Afendiko (Vrontochion Monastery), 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/14/055], Hodegetria Church-Afendiko (Vrontochion Monastery), 1888-1890

Upper part: South elevation - Lower part: North elevation. The drawing is labelled in ink: 'South Elevation' and 'North Elevation'. It is entitled in pencil: 'Mistras - Church of the Vrontochion (Efentiko)'. Further annotation in pencil survives. The drawing was exhibited at the 1936 Royal Academy exhibition (no 483).

Hagios Panteleemon[BRF/01/01/07/223], Hagios Panteleemon, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/07/223], Hagios Panteleemon, 1888-1890

Longitudinal section (west half) - Plan of dome. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives. See also drawing no. 01/08/04/19/02 (BRF no. 01/01/07/222).

Hagios Panteleemon[BRF/01/01/07/225], Hagios Panteleemon, 1888-1890 [BRF/01/01/07/225], Hagios Panteleemon, 1888-1890

Transverse section (south half?) - Plan of dome. This is a preliminary drawing. Further annotation in pencil survives. See also drawing no. 01/08/04/19/04 (BRF no. 01/01/07/224).