FIELDWORK Attica Central and Western Greece Cycladic Islands Dodecanese and North Aegean Islands Epirus Ionian Islands Macedonia and Thrace Multisite and outside Greece Peloponnese
Aphyssou Tsakona Project 1989-1991 Ayios Stephanos Excavation 1959-1963 Ayios Stephanos Excavation Project 1973-1977 Evrotas Valley Geoarchaeological Survey 1999 Isthmia Excavation 1932-1933 Kenchreai Quarry Landscapes 2013-2016 Kouphovouno Project 1999-2006 Kyparissia Excavation 1893 Laconia Excavations 1905 Laconia Rural Site Survey 1993-1994 Laconia Survey 1983-1988 Laconia Topography 1904-1909 Laconia Topography: Architectural Survey 1905-1909 Laconia Topography: Field Survey 1904-1909 Late Roman and Byzantine use of the Theatre Space Project Mamousia Excavation 1951 Megalopolis Excavation 1890-1893 Megalopolis Survey 1981-1983 Monemvasia Survey 1991-1996 Mycenae Excavation 1920-1923 Mycenae Excavation 1939 Mycenae Excavation 1950-1955 Mycenae Excavation 1959-1969 Mycenae study seasons Mycenae Survey 1991-1993 Pavlopetri Underwater Survey 1968 Peneios Valley Project 1967-1969 Perachora Building Survey 1964-1966 Perachora Excavation 1930-1939 Perachora Excavation 1982 Perachora Lake Vouliagmeni Excavation 1972 Perachora Stoa Excavation 1963 Perachora Waterworks Excavation 1972 Sparta Basilica Project 2000-2001 Sparta Excavation 1906-1910 Sparta Excavation 1924-1927 Sparta Geomorphological Survey 1996 Sparta Menelaion Excavation 1973-1980 Sparta Museum Catalogue 1904 Sparta Rescue Excavations 1949 Sparta Roman Stoa Excavation 1989-1991 Sparta Sanctuaries Project Sparta Theatre Excavation 1992-1998 The Menelaion project The Pavlopetri Underwater Archaeological Project 2009-2011 Topographic Survey of Arcadia-Laconia 1892-1893

Sparta Excavation 1906-1910 Season 1909

Excavation: Research excavation

During the fourth season of excavation in the Sparta region by the British School at Athens in 1909, the Artimis Orthia sanctuary sacred enclosure walls of different periods have been discovered, especially behind the temple and-to the east of the altar. An investigation of the lowest strata demonstrated that the archaic altar and primitive temple are later than the cobble pavement with which the hieron was paved, and the walls of the hieron at this early period have now been found. This gives an earlier stage of the sanctuary when the precinct was smaller than in subsequent periods and the centre of the cult was closer to the centre of the hollow in which the sanctuary stood. At this stage there seems to have been no temple, but there are remains of what was probably the altar. Geometric pottery was found below the cobble pavement. In order to carry through this work a further small portion of the foundations of the Roman Amphitheatre was removed. Part of a large subterranean ater-channel (ca. 4th century BC) that had been discovered in 1906 has been fully excavated and is solidly built of dressed stones and roofed with large slabs. In May, the building which has been for long identified with the Menelaion was excavated. This building stands on a hill overlooking the east bank of the Eurotas with a commanding view of the site of Sparta. The building was shown to be an oblong platform which may have supported a small temple or other monument. This platform stood upon another, from which it was reached by a ramp, the traces of which are preserved. To this structure a terrace was added later on two sides. The date may be the fifth century. Below all the other finds some Mycenaean sherds were discovered, and some Mycenaean houses, as yet only partially examined, were found a short distance away.

Active from May 1909 to Jun 1909.

Wace, Mr Alan John Bayard

Thompson, Mr Maurice S. O.B.E.

Dawkins, Mr Richard McGillivray

[Journal] The Annual of the British School at Athens, no. 15 (1908/1909).

Dawkins, Richard M., et al. 1909. Laconia. I. Excavations at Sparta, 1909. BSA 15: 1-157. Direct link