The Koutroulou Magoula Archaeology and Archaeological Ethnographic Project 2010-2019: Season 2010
Excavation: Research excavation
The mound (206 m long and 182 m wide) rises some 6.6 m above the surrounding fields at 130.7 masl. Almost half of it, and especially the west part, has been destroyed by modern farming. The topography and extant archaeological remains were surveyed, with attention to two major structures — Building 1 (5.3 m long and 4.3 m wide), with at least three habitation phases, and the rather larger Building 2 (7.2 m long and 6.4 m wide) at the highest point of the settlement. Excavation in 2010 aimed to investigate further Building 2 and the area outside its north, east and south sides, to explore the possibility of earlier phases of the building, and to provide stratified material from deposits predating the building. Building 2 proved to be a robustly built, and no doubt impressive, rectangular structure with elaborately constructed walls and clay floors laid over a stonepaved under-floor deposit. It is now clear that it had undergone a Koutroulou Magoula: the two buildings excavated to date. Deposits excavated on the northeast side of Building 2 proved to be rich in anthropogenic material, although since they predate the building stratigraphically, they offer no help in reconstructing its function or the activities that took place in or around it. The large number of finds collected includes clay figurines, plain and decorated pottery, chipped and ground stone, animal bones and shell. Notable among the finds from the main, Middle Neolithic, phase of the settlement is a large quantity of clay figurines (more than 30 found in 2010), which, when added to the high numbers collected in previous years, means that Koutroulou Magoula has one of the largest collections of Neolithic figures from stratified contexts in Greece.
Active in 2010.